t h e / u n t i m e l y / p a s t

general bibliography

last modified: 19 February 2000

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Abelove, Henry, "The Queering of Lesbian/Gay History." Radical History Review , 62 (Spring 1995), 44-57.

"Henry Abelove observes the reception of works in lesbian/gay history by his students who identify as queer. Recording the reactions of queer students who do not recognize themselves in these texts or 'own' them in the ways that 'gay and lesbian' students did in the recent past, Abelove speculates about the new priorities and possibilities of queer history as imagined by these students." from the editor's introduction

Abelson, Elaine, David Abraham, and Marjorie Murphy, "Interview with Joan Scott." Radical History Review , 45 (August 1989), 40-59.

Allen, Barry, "The Soul of Knowledge." History and Theory , 86:1 (February 1997), 63-82.

Review of Ian Hacking, Rewriting the Soul: Multiple Personality and the Sciences of Memory.

Allen, Barry, "What It All Means." Science July 1999

Review of Ian Hacking, The Social Construction of What?

Appleby, Joyce, "One Good Turn Deserves Another: Moving Beyond the Linguistic; A Response to David Harlan." American Historical Review , 94:5 (December 1989), 1326-1332

Appleby, Joyce, Lynn Hunt, and Margaret Jacob. Telling the Truth about History. New York: W. W. Norton, 1994.

"A confident, breezy account of the historical profession's encounters with post-modernism and multiculturalism." David A. Hollinger, New York Times Book Review.

Arens, Katherine, "Discourse Analysis as Critical Historiography: A semanalyse of Mystic Speech." Rethinking History , 2:1 (Spring 1998), 23-50.

"Abstract: This paper traces a model for critical linguistics used as a historiography in the work of Michel de Certeau, Julia Kristeva, and Luce Irigaray, an approach that Kristeva terms a semanalyse, an analysis that critiques the social space and subjectivity produced by the language shared by a community. This essay presents this critical historiography as used in three essays on early modern mysticism, De Certeau's Mystic Fable shows how the space of linguistic (semiotic) representation is closely linked to social subjectivity in an era that was actively rewriting its fables while it was rewriting its religious practices. His work is paralleled by a pair of essays that Kristeva and Irigaray contributed to a museum catalogue on mystical art edited by Paul Vandenbroeck, Le Jardin clos de l'ame."

Armour, Leslie, Review of The Social Construction of What?, by Ian Hacking. Library Journal (15 August 1999).

Armstrong, Nancy. Desire and Domestic Fiction: A Political History of the Novel. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

"In this strikingly original treatment of the rise of the novel, Nancy Armstrong argues that the novels and nonfiction written by and for women in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century England paved the way for the rise of the modern English middle class. Examining the works of such novelists as Samuel Richardson, Jane Austen, and the Brontes, she reveals the ways in which these authors rewrote the domestic practices and sexual relations of the past to produce the historical conditions making modern institutional power seem not only natural but also humane, and therefore desirable as well as necessary." from the back cover

Ausmus, Harry J., Review of Nothing but History: Reconstruction and Extremity after Metaphysics, David D. Roberts American Historical Review , 102:3 (June 1997), 776-777.

Bann, Stephen, "Mourning, Identity, and the Uses of History." History and Theory , 37:1 (February 1998), 94-101.

Review of The Ironist's Cage: Memory, Trauma, and the Construction of History, by Michael S. Roth.

Barkin, Kenneth, "Bismarck in a Postmodern World." German Studies Review , 18:2 (May 1995), 241-252.

Bartelson, Jens A Genealogy of Sovereignty. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995. Cambridge Studies in International Relations, no. 39.

Berlanstein, Lenard, R., Review of Gender and the Politics of History, Joan Wallach Scott. Comparative Studies in Society and History , 33 (April 1991), 426-440.

Berni, Christine, "Taking an Axe to History: The Historical Lizzie Borden and the Postmodern Historiography of Angela Carter." Clio , 27:1 (Fall 1997), 29-

Bevir, Mark, "Objectivity in History" History and Theory , 33:3 (1995), 329-344.

Blake, Casey, Review of The Degredation of American History, by David Harlan. Journal of American History 86:1 (June 1999)

Bonnell, Victoria E., and Lynn Hunt, Eds. Beyond the Cultural Turn: New Directions in the Study of Society and Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999. Studies on the History of Society and Culture, 34.

Papers presented at a conference held Apr. 25-27, 1996, in California.

"Nothing has generated more controversy in the social sciences than the turn toward culture, variously known as the linguistic turn, culturalism, or postmodernism. This book examines the impact of the cultural turn on two prominent social science disciplines, history and sociology, and proposes new directions in the theory and practice of historical research.

"The editors provide an introduction analyzing the origins and implications of the cultural turn and its postmodernist critiques of knowledge. Essays by leading historians and historical sociologists reflect on the uses of cultural theories and show both their promise and their limitations. The afterword by Hayden White provides an assessment of the trend toward culturalisms by one of its most influential proponents.

"Beyond the Cultural Turn offers fresh theoretical readings of the most persistent issues created by the cultural turn and provocative empirical studies focusing on diverse social practices, the uses of narrative, and body and self as critical junctures where culture and society intersect." from the University of California Press catalog

Beyond the Cultural Turn examines the impact of the turn toward culture--variously known as the linguistic turn, culturalism, or postmodernism--on two prominent social science disciplines, history and sociology, and proposes new directions in the theory and practice of historical research. The editors' introduction and ten essays by distinguished scholars offer fresh insights into the most persistent issues created by the cultural turn and by new empirical research on social practices, the uses of narrative, and the body and self as critical junctures where culture and society intersect." from the back cover of the paperback edition

Contents: Victoria E. Bonnell and Lynn Hunt, "Introduction."Part 1. Culture as Concept and Practice. William H. Sewell, Jr., "The Concept(s) of Culture"; Richard Biernacki, "Method and Metaphor after the New Cultural History." Part 2. Knowledge in the Social Sciences. Margaret C. Jacob, "Science Studies after Social Construction: The Turn Toward the Comparative and the Global"; Margaret R. Somers, "The Privitization of Citizenship: How to Unthink a Knowledge Culture." Part 3. Narrative, Discourse, and Problems of Representation. Karen Halttunen, "Cultural History and the Challenge of Narrativity"; Steven Feierman, "Colonizers, Scholars, and the Creation of Invisible Histories"; Sonya O. Rose, "Cultural Analysis and Moral Discourses: Episodes, Continuities, and Transformations." Part 4. Reconstructing the Categories of Body and Self. Caroline Bynum, "Why All the Fuss about the Body? A Medievalist's Perspective"; Jerrold Seigel, "Problematizing the Self." Hayden White, "Afterword."

To order the hardcover edition of Beyond the Cultural Turn, go to:
To order the paperback edition of Beyond the Cultural Turn, go to:

Boxer, Marilyn J., Review of Gender and the Politics of History, Joan Wallach Scott. Journal of Social History , 22 (Summer 1989), 788-790.

Bravmann, Scott. Queer Fictions of the Past: History, Culture, and Difference. Cambridge University Press.

"This is the first book to look at how lesbians and gays use history to define themselves as social, cultural, and political subjects. Bravmann shows how historical representations are dynamic conversations between past and present, creating individual and collective meanings. Exploring the theoretical and political ramifications of this project, he considers how historiography, ancient Greece, the Stonewall riots, and post-modern historical texts inform and reflect race, gender, class, and political differences in queer subjectivity." from the Cambridge University Press catalog

Brennan, Teresa History After Lacan London and New York, Routledge, 1993. Opening Out: Feminism for Today.

"Lacan was not an ahistorical poststructuralist. Starting from this controversial premise, Teresa Brennan recovers a neglected theory of history in Lacan's work. According to Lacan we live in a psychotic era which began in the seventeenth century and climaxes in the present.

"After drawing our Lacan's theory, Brennan develops a general theory of modernity. Contrary to postmodern assumptions, she argues, we need general historical explanation, an understanding of historical dynamics which goes beyond Marxism and its 'poststructuralism antithesis'. This is necessary if we are to bridge the applicability gap between contemporary critical theory and questons of sexual difference, ethnicity, economy and enviironment." from the back cover of the paperback edition

Contents: Part I. 1. The Problem. 2. The Ego's Era. Part II. 3. The Foundational Fantasy. 4. From the Reserve Army of Labour to the Standing Reserve of Nature. 5. Conclusion: Time and Exploitation. Appendix: The Labour Theory of Value and the Subject-Object Distinction.

Bridenthal, Renate, Review of Gender and the Politics of History, Joan Wallach Scott. Science and Society , 54 (Summer 1990), 226-228.

Brown, Richard Harvey. Society as Text: Essays on Rhetoric, Reason, and Reality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

"Richard Harvey Brown makes elegant use of sociological theory and of insights from language philosophy, literary criticism, and rhetoric to elaborate the metaphor of society as text. In developing a new logic of the social sciences he argues for linking knowledge of society with public moral action by restoring judgment to its former privilege status in intellectual and public life.

"From the perspective of what Brown calls symbolic realism, the world is not observed so much as read. The world is a text. Conventional methods in the social sciences envision processes or events in terms of functions or causes. By contrast, if society is conceived of as a text, one can still explain the determined, prescribed dimensions of social reality but also better understand how human experience is authored by men and women.

"If society is a text, by what method should it be read? Brown advances the critical theory of rhetoric as such a method because, on the one hand, it shows that experience and knowledge are produced through persuasive use of language, and, on the other, provides canons of reasoned judgment in political discourse. In demonstrating that social reality is linguistically structured Brown goes beyond epistemological and methodological questions. He decomposes 'texts' in order to reveal how historical forms of consciousness are constructed and, by implication, how such forms misrepresent practical social relations of domination.

"Brown discusses the problems of political communication across class boundaries, the ideological uses of scientific language, and the social grammars through which personal identity and political economy are mediated. He shows that reason itself is rhetorical by analyzing legal, economic, sociological, and historical forms of rationality. Brown goes on to construe society as a narrative text, and narrative fiction as a social text, in order to discover the rhetorical nature of social experience and knowledge. In a final essay, he advances irony as an emancipating mode of discourse for our fragmented contemporary society.

""We all inherit and create 'worlds.' The world of the theorist requires greater concern for formal properties of cogency and fit, whereas the world of the citizen focuses more on audience reception and reader response. Yet both of these roles involve reality construction through linguistic action. A rhetorical understanding of knowledge and politics -- that is, an understanding that uses such concepts as metaphor, narrative, point of view, and irony -- implies textual authorship and moral-political agency. In this way, Brown argues, a rhetorical analysis of social science texts may help us move to a more morally responsible use of theoretical, practical, and aesthetic discourse." from the dust jacket

Bunzl, Martin. Real History: Reflections on Historical Practice. London and New York: Routledge, 1997. Philosophical Issues in Science.

"In Real History, Martin Bunzl charts a new direction for the philosophy of history. He proposes a synthesis between debates about objectivity among historians and recent philosophical arguments about realism. In his clear and direct style, Bunzl argues for an approach to history based on what historians actually do in contrast to what they say they are doing. Drawing on a broad literature including the works of Foucault, Geertz, Novick, Danto and Scott, the result is a new and exciting model for philosophy of history that casts objectivity and realism in a new light.

"Martin Bunzl merges two parallel debates in history and philosophy. In his wide-ranging argument, he draws on relevant discussions ranging from: post-structuralism; to the philosophy of science; to the hermeneutic turn in anthropology; to debates about the history of women." from the back cover

Burnham, Patricia M., and Lucretia Hoover Giese, "'Constructions' and Postmodern Cultural Studies." Journal of Interdisciplinary History 28:4 (Spring 1998), 633-

Callinicos, Alex. Theories and Narratives: Reflections on the Philosophy of History Cambridge: Polity Press, and Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995. Post-Contemporary Interventions.

"Theories and Narratives explores the relationship between social theory and historical writing. Its aim is to establish the contribution that theory can make to understanding the past.

"Pursuing this objective, Alex Callinicos critically confronts a number of leading attempts to reconceptualize the meaning of history, including Francis Fukuyama's rehabilitation of Hegel's philosophy of history and the postmodernist efforts of Hayden White and others to deny the existence of a past independent of our representations of it. In these cases philosophical arguments are pursued in tandem with discussions of historical interpretations of, respectively, Stalinism and the Holocaust. Leading theories of history -- Marx's and Weber's -- are then critically compared in the context of the work of recent writers such as Michael Mann, W. G. Runciman and Robert Brenner.

"Finally, the politics of historical theory is explored in a discussion of Marxism's claims to be a universal theory of human progress. Swimming against the tide of contemporary fashion, Theories and Narratives seeks to rebut the claim made by many postmodernists that Marxism is inherently Eurocentric in both its conceptual structures and political practice. Marx's project of human emancipation, it concludes, still defines our political horizons." from the back cover

Caplan, Jane, Review of Gender and the Politics of History, by Joan Wallach Scott. Nation , 248 (9-16 January 1989), 62-65.

Caplan, Jane, "Postmodernism, Poststructuralism, and Deconstruction: Notes for Historians." Central European History , 22:3-4 (September/December 1989), 260-278.

Carr, David R., Review of A Genealogy of Sovereignty, by Jens Bartelson American Historical Review , 102:2 (April 1997), 422-423.

Carrier, David, Review of Prophets of Extremity, by Allan Megill. British Journal of Aesthetics , 26 (Summer 1986), 288-289.

Carroll, David, "On Tropology: The Forms of History." diacritics , (Fall 1976), 58-64.

Response to Frederic Jameson's review of Hayden White, Metahistory.

Chapman, Herrick, Review of The Nights of Labor, by Jacques Ranciere. Journal of Modern History , 65 (September 1993), 627-630.

Childers, Joseph, Review of History and Criticism, by Dominick LaCapra. Critical Texts , 3:3 (Spring/Summer 1986), 22-25.

Childers, Thomas, "Political Sociology and the 'Linguistic Turn'." Central European History , 22:3-4 (September/December 1989), 381-393.

Cmeil, Kenneth, Review of The Degradation of American History, by David Harlan. Intellectual History Newsletter 20 (1998).

Cohen, Paul A., Review of History and Belief: The Foundations of Historical Understanding, by Robert Eric Frykenberg. American Historical Review , 103:2 (April 1998), 481-482.

Cohen, Sande, "Desire for History: Historiography, Scholarship, and the Vicarious." Storia della storiografia 30 (1996), 57-

On Carlo Ginzburg.

Cohen, Sande, "Science Studies and Language Suppression -- A Critique of Bruno Latour's We Have Never Been Modern. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 28:2 (June 1997), 339-

Cohen, Sande Passive Nihilism: Cultural Historiography and the Rhetorics of Scholarship. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998.

"Examining multiple academic discourses, Passive Nihilism argues that contemporary models of history, culture, and language are reactive and that their mix of epistemology, rhetoric, and politics is too explosive for the interpretations associate with 'normal criticism.' Sande Cohen argues that 'cultural historiography' is a discourse that makes 'orders' and 'cultural historiography' is a discourse that makes 'orders' and cultural timings' out of language, showing the inseparability of rhetoric, epistemology, and politics in the discourses of the 'human sciences.' Reading texts as distinct as professional history-writing and Derrida's Spectres of Marx, Carlo Ginzburg's metahistorical projections, Bruno Latour's anti-deconstructive model of science studies, art-curatorial models of history, and neo-psychoanalysis' obsessive turn to negation, Cohen argues that the concept of 'passive nihilism' sustains such discourse, giving the human sciences a reactive and idealist gloss. Modern scholarly writing is critiqued for its embrace of the logic of the least negative, its affirmation of nihilism. In this highly charged political/epistemic/rhetorical cultural mix, Cohen draws upon the notions of de Man and Deleuze as the most engaged and critical theorists in offering alternatives to the contemporary 'new histories' of high scholarly writing." from the dust jacket

Contents: "Introduction: Passive Nihilism as Historical Culture"; "Is There Postconventional Historiography?"; "Neohistoricism, Science Studies, and Violence toward Deconstruction"; "Neopsychoanalysis and Cultural Nihilism"; "Historiography, Scholarship, and Mastery"; "Three Existential Simulacra of Language"; "Conclusion: High Scholarship and the Politics of Writing."

To order the hardcover edition of Passive Nihilism, go to:

Collins, Jacqueline, Review of Re-thinking History, by Keith Jenkins. History Teacher , 27 (August 1994), 504-506.

Cornell, Saul, "Splitting the Difference: Textualism, Contextualism, and Post-modern History." American Studies , 36 (Spring 1995), 57-80.

Crawford, T. Hugh. Modernism, Medicine, and William Carlos Williams. Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1993. Oklahoma Project for Discourse and Theory, Science and Culture series, vol. 1.

"Of all the modernist poets, William Carlos Williams is unique in that his training as a physician and his lifetime of medical practice made him especially conversant in the language of medical science, at a time when medical education was being reformed along more scientific lines and the physician's everyday experience was being transformed by technological innovations.

"Using Williams poetry as a focal point, T. Hugh Crawford examines the relations between the rise of modernism and the history of medical science, medical education in America, and the cultural authority of scientific discourse. The main argument of Modernism Medicine, and William Carlos Williams is that clarity and cleanliness function as organizing concepts in William's writing, in medical texts, and in the discourse of modernism in general. By examining Williams's poems, fiction, and essays, Crawford shows how the poet's ideas were imbued with the perspectives of early twentieth-century science and how he was able to gain authority to speak as a poet by appealing to powerful technoscientific discursive practices.

"As science and technology came to occupy different positions of power in the middle twentieth century than they had earlier, so to did Williams's writings shift. Williams came increasingly to question the assumptions of modernist medicine and science, to the point where he participated in (and in some ways anticipated) today's critique of Enlightenment science. In other words, he made the leap from modernism to postmodernism, a change seen most clearly in his epic poem Paterson.

"Crawford's thought-provoking study reveals the conflicts inherent in Williams's ideas and poetic practice, finding parallels between those conflicts and developing problems in American medical education as well as the changing role of scientific authority in American culture." from the back cover

Crosby, Christina. The Ends of History: Victorians and 'The Woman Question.' New York and London: Routledge, 1991.

"Why were the Victorians so passionate about 'History'? How did this passion relate to another Victorian obsession -- the 'woman question'? In a brilliant and provocative study, Christina Crosby investigates the links between the Victorians' fascination with 'history' and with the nature of 'women.'

"Discussing both key novels and non-literary texts -- Daniel Deronda and Hegel's Philosophy of History; Henry Esmond and Macauley's History of England; Little Dorrit, Wilkie Collins' The Frozen Deep, and Mayhew's survey of 'labour and the poor'; Villette, Patrick Fairbairn's The Typology of Scripture and Ruskin's Modern Painters -- she argues that the construction of middle-class Victorian 'man' as the universal subject of history entailed the identification of 'women' as those who are before, beyond, above, or below history. Crosby's analysis raises a crucial question for today's feminists -- how can one read historically without replicating the problem of nineteenth-century 'history'?" from the back cover

Crosby, Christina, Review of Teresa Brennan, History after Lacan. History and Theory , (May 1996)

Daniel Stephen H., "Paramodern Strategies of Philosopical Historiography." Epoche 1 (1993), 42-61.

Daniel Stephen H., "Postmodernity, Poststructuralism, and the Historiography of Modern Philosophy." International Philosophical Quarterly 35 (1995), 255-67.

Danto, Arthur, Review of Prophets of Extremity, Allan Megill. New York Times Book Review , 90 (15 September 1985), 26.

Davis, Lennard J. Factual Fictions: The Origins of the English Novel. 1983; reprint, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996.

"A ground-breaking study of the origins of the novel, Factual Fictions shows how English fiction was consolidated out of journalism, history, and literature. Drawing on the work of Michel Foucault and other theoreticians, Davis demonstrates how early modern culture created the categories of fact and fiction as tactics to circumvent religious, political, and legal sanctions against writing and printing. Thus the inherently criminal and transgressive nature of the novel is reflected in its embodiment of working-class culture, women's writing, and coloniality to forge a narrative of the 'other.'" from the back cover

De Landa, Manuel. A Thousand Years of Nonlinear History. New York: Swerve (Zone), 1997.

"Following in the wake of his groundbreaking work, War in the Age of Intelligent Machines, Manuel De Landa presents a brilliant, radical synthesis of historical developments during the last one thousand years. A Thousand Years of Non Linear History sketches the outlines of a renewed materialist history in the tradition of Fernand Braudel, Gilles Deleuze, and Felix Guattari, while engaging --in an unprecedented manner--the critical new understanding of material processes derived from the sciences of dynamics. Working against prevailing attitudes that see history merely as the arena of texts, discourses, ideologies, and metaphors, De Landa traces the concrete movements and interplays of matter and energy through human populations in the last millennium. The result is an entirely novel approach to the study of human societies and their always mobile, semi-stable forms, cities, economies, technologies, and languages.

"De Landa attacks three domains that have given shape to human societies. In every case--economics, biology, and linguistics--he discloses the self-directed processes of matter and energy interfacing with the whim and will of human history itself to form a panoramic vision of the West, free of rigid teleology and naive notions of progress, and even more important, free of any deterministic source for its urban, institutional and technological forms. The source of all concrete forms in the West's history rather, are shown to derive from internal morphogenetic capabilities that lie within the flow of matter-energy itself." from the back cover

Dintenfass, Michael, "Truth's Other: Ethics, the History of the Holocaust, and Historiographical Theory after the Linguistic Turn." History and Theory (February 2000)

Doak, Kevin M., What Is a Nation and Who Belongs? National Narratives and the Ethnic Imagination in Twentieth-Century Japan." American Historical Review , 102:2 (April 1997), 282-309.

Abstract: "Kevin M. Doak challenges standard accounts of Japanese nationalism that emphasize the rise of the modern state and the institution of the emperor. He does so by shifting the focus to the role that ethnic nationalism has played in historical narratives that are critical of the modern Japanese state, Doak uncovers a broad discourse on ethnic nationalism in twentieth-century Japan and, along with it, a disillusionment with the modern state that was shared both by those on the political sympathies. His analysis of this discourse leads Doak to call for more awareness of how national identity in modern Japan was often a struggle between those who supported the constitutional state and those who rejected its westernized appearance and instead turned toward an ethnicized vision of the Japanese people. This internally contested sense of the Japanese nation enabled historians of differing political ideologies to imagine the Japanese people as victims of 'internal colonization,' a people oppressed by their own state. Doak's compelling reconstruction of this widespread disenchantment with the modern state in Japan and the powerful allure of ethnic nationalism raises important questions for other historians about the meaning and functions of historical narratives, ethnic identity, nationalism, the state, and liberal values in Japan and other modern societies."

Domanska, Ewa Encounters: Philosophy of History after Postmodernism. Charlottesville, VA, University Press of Virginia, 1998

"Frustrated with the usual methods of scholarly inquiry, Ewa Domanska hit upon the idea of interviewing theorists and philosophers of history to get at the heart of contemporary understandings of 'history.' The result is Encounters, an exciting collection of thes dialogues. So old fashioned as to seem revolutionary, the interview format allows for a concise presentation of the main ideas of each writer, providing easy access to theories that have shaped modern historiography.

"No one book could encompass the vast territory of contemporary historiography, but this text gives us a sense of what underlies some of the most interesting and challenging work in the field. Although Domanska's interlocutors hold widely divergent views, they agree about which issues are important. Most strikingly, all share the belief that aesthetics, objective reality, and meaning are the most crucial concerns in our understanding of history today. The interviews also address such pressing issues as the relation of history to its modes of presentation, the relation of particular works of history to the notion of history in general, and the personal and civic functions of history. Ewa Domanska's Encounters offers a unique look into the hearts and minds of today's most stimulating historical theorists." from the back cover of the paperback

Contents: Introduction: Allan Megill. Interviews: Hayden White, Hans Kellner, Franklin R. Ankersmit, Georg G. Iggers, Jerzy Topolski, Jorn Rusen, Arthur C. Danto, Lional Gossman, Peter Burke, Stephen Bann, Ewa Domanska (self-interview). Postscript: Lynn Hunt.

To order the paperback edition of Encounters : Philosophy of History After Postmodernism, go to:

Domanska, Ewa, "Universal History and Postmodernism." Storia della Storiografia 35 (1999)

Donzelot, Jacques. The Policing of Families. Translated by Robert Hurley. New York: Pantheon Books, 1979.

"As the social is a hybrid domain, particularly in regard to relations between the public and the private spheres, Donzelot's method consists in isolating pure little lines of mutation which, acting successively or simultaneously, go to form a contour or surface, a characteristic feature of the new domain. The social is located at the intersection of all these little lines. But the milieu on which these lines act, investing and transforming it, still needs to be defined. This milieu is the family -- not that the family is itself incapable of being a motive force of evolution, but when this is the case, of necessity it is by virtue of a coupling with other vectors, just as the other vectors enter into relations of coupling or intersection in order to act on the family. So Donzelot has not written another book on the crisis of the family: the crisis is simply the negative effect of the emergence of these little lines; or rather, the rise of the social and the crisis of the family are the twofold political effect of these same elementary causes. Whence the title, The Policing of Families, which expresses above all this whole correlation, escaping the double danger of a sociological analysis that is too global and a moral analysis that is too summary." from the forward by Gilles Deleuze

Donzelot, Jacques, "The Poverty of Political Culture." Ideology and Consciousness , 5 (Spring 1979), 73-86.

See also: "Introduction to Donzelot," Ideology and Consciousness 5 (Spring 1979), 71-72.

Duara, Prasenjit. Rescuing History from the Nation: Questioning Narratives of Modern China. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

"Prasenjit Duara offers the first systematic reading of the relationship between the nation-state, nationalism, and the concept of linear history. Focusing primarily on China and including discussion of India, Duara argues that many historians of postcolonial nation-states have adopted a linear, evolutionary history of the Enlightenment/colonial model. As a result, their accounts are often repressive, exclusionary, and incomplete.

"The backlash against such accounts resulted in a tendency to view the past as largely constructed, imagined, or invented. Duara offers a way out of the impasse between constructionism and the evolving nation; he redefines history as a series of multiple, often conflicting narratives produced simultaneously at national, local, and transnational levels. He demonstrated both the necessity of incorporating contestation, appropriation, repression and the return of the repressed subject into any account of the past, and how to write histories that resist being pressed into the service of the nation." from the back cover

Duara, Prasenjit, "Transnationalism and the Predicament of Sovereignty: China, 1900-1945." American Historical Review , 102:4 (October 1997), 1030-1051.

"Prasenjit Duara seizes the opportunity provided by the growing interest in transnationalism to explore the problem historically. He explains that transnationalism tends to be seen as a late twentieth-century development associated with advanced capitalism, flexible production, and postmodernism. However, he maintains, if, as many claim, nationalism emerged in the era of capitalism, then it surely has always had to deal with the boundary-crossing and globalizing impetus of capitalism. Following this insight, Duara explores how nationalist regimes and spokesmen dealt with the transnational demands, flows, and ideals generated not only by capitalism but also by historical forces such as univeralizing religions and population movements not easily confined to the new, territorially sovereign nation-states. He does so by focusing on three topics in East Asia during the first half of the twentieth century: the convergence of Chinese and Japanese ideals of pan-Asianism, the Chinese republican regime's effort to incorporate the non-Chinese peoples of the vast peripheries into the territorial nation-state, and finally that regime's efforts to cultivate the loyalty of oversees Chinese to the nation-state. Duara also has a methodological goal. He seeks to displace the nation-state as a 'natural' or taken-for-granted framework for historical study by revealing how the nation-state sought to confine history and build sovereignty within its claimed territory. Durara's essay is thus a compelling argument about the ways in which the complex and multidimensional relationships between nationalism and transnationalism should be studied." Editor's note, AHR,102:4 (October 1997), xvi.

Duara, Prasenjit, "The Regime of Authenticity: Timelessness, Gender, and National History in Modern China." History and Theory , 37:3 (October 1998), 287-308.

"Abstract: While there is much writing on the nation as the subject of linear history, considerably less attention has been paid to the dimension of the nation as the always identifiable, unchanging subject of history. This unchanging subject in necessitated by the ascendancy of the conception of linear time in capitalism in which change is viewed not only as accelerating, but can no longer be framed by an ultimate source of meaning such as God. Ostensibly, linear history is the falling of events into the 'river tf time,' but national history also posits a continuous subject to gather these changes. Such a subject is recognized only by the spiritual qualities of authenticity, purity, and sacrality. The nation-state and nationalists stake their claim to sovereign authority, in part, as custodians of this authenticity.
"A range of figures, human and non-human, come to symbolize a regime of authenticity manipulable to some extent by nationalist and state-builders. This essay focuses on the instance of women in early twentieth-century China. Nationalists and cultural essentialists tended to depict women as embodying the eternal Chinese civilizational virtues of self-sacrifice and loyalty and to elevate them as national exemplars. The essays also examines cases of how women themselves may have perceived this role as exemplars and concludes that while there was considerable subversion in their enunciation of this role (to their advantage), there was sufficient reference to the prescriptive code of authenticity in their self-formation to sustain the regime of authenticity. The essay ends with some thoughts about the changing relationship between authenticity and intensifying globalization in the contemporary world."

Duara, Prasenjit, Review of Cultural History and Postmodernity, by Mark Poster, and The Postmodern History Reader, Keith Jenkins, Ed. Journal of American History 86:2 (September 1999)

Dumm, Thomas L. Democracy and Punishment: Disciplinary Origins of the United States Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1987.

Dutton, Michael R. Policing and Punishment in China: From Patriarchy to 'the People'. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

"This book traces the transition in the regimes of regulation and punishment through late imperial to modern China, an area long neglected in Chinese studies. Policing and Punishment in China is particularly significant for its theoretical framework; it is not a simple narrative history of policing, but rather draws on Michel Foucault's theoretical work on governmentality, punishment, and control, using his genealogical method to construct a 'history of the present.' While most Chinese Marxist accounts of history have assumed the sublimation of the past as a precondition for the present, Dr. Dutton illustrates that 'feudal relics' do play a part in the social regulation of contemporary China." from the Cambridge University Press online catalog

Easthope, Antony., "Romancing the Stone: History-Writing and Rhetoric." Social History , 18:2 (May 1993)

Engelstein, Laura. The Keys to Happiness: Sex and the Search for Modernity in Fin-de-Siecle Russia. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1992.

Engelstein, Laura, "Combined Underdevelopment: Discipline and the Law in Imperial and Soviet Russia." American Historial Review , 98:2 (April 1993), 338-353.

"... a summary of Michel Foucault's ideas on the transition from juridical monarchies to the modern 'disciplinary' state, in which control is not exercised through law but through regulation, often with the support of science, even though law appears to be the ruling mechanism. She then introduces Russia as a test case for Foucault's provocative set of analytical categories, asking what insights emerge if his approach is applied to a culture that is related to Western Europe's but also differs from it in significant ways. In the West, Engelstein finds that scientific disciplines acted within the rule of law, a difference from societies farther east that Foucault did not sufficiently appreciate. In Russia, liberalism and the rule of law did not become established, and three stages of control -- the law of monarchical absolutists, police state repression, and scientific disciplines -- came together with a force such that science was deployed in furtherance of administrative prosecutions of acts not defined as crimes. Engelstein's analysis leads her to question the sometimes overt, sometimes unspoken, sometimes ambiguous political assumptions behind Foucault's project of conceptual and ideological iconoclasm." editor's note

Engelstein, Laura, "Reply." American Historical Review , 98:2 (April 1993), 376-381.

Escoffier, Jeffrey, Regina Kunsel, and Molly McGarry, "The Queer Issue: New Visions of America's Lesbian and Gay Past." Radical History Review 62 (Spring 1995), 1-6.

Evans, Eric, Review of On "What is History?", Keith Jenkins. History Today , 47 (June 1997), 57.

Evans, Richard J. H., "Social History in the Postmodern Age." Storia della Storiagrafia , 18 (1990), 36-42.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Farrell, Thomas B., Review of Prophets of Extremity, Allan Megill. Quarterly Journal of Speech , 72 (May 1986), 204-209.

Fay, Brian, "Nothing But History?" History and Theory , 37:1 (February 1998), 83-93.

Review of Nothing But History: Reconstruction and Extremity After Metaphysics, by David Roberts.

Fay, Brian, Philip Pomper, and Richard T. Vann, Eds. History and Theory: Contemporary Readings. Oxford: Blackwell, 1998.

"The last twenty-five years have witnessed a real revolution in our understanding of history. This is mainly the result of the 'linguistic turn' which emphasized the rhetoric of history and the topics of narrative, the poetics of historical representation, the political dimensions of history, the inclusion of dispossessed groups as subjects of history, as well as insights gleaned from postmodernism and feminism. This 'turn' itself inspired spirited criticisms as well as attempts to appropriate its insights into a new account of history. This book brings together some of the most important essays in the theory of history which have produced this revolution and the responses to it." from the Blackwell catalog

Contents: Brian Fay, "Introduction: The Linguistic Turn and Beyond in Contemporary Theory of History". Part I: Narrativity. 1. Hayden White, "The Historical Text as Literary Artifact. 2. Noel Carroll, ""Interpretation, History, and Narrative." Part II: Writing and Reading History. 3. Jack Hexter, "The Rhetoric of History." 4. Nancy F. Partner, "Making Up Lost Time: Writing on the Writing of History." 5. Dominick LaCapra, "History, Language, and Reading: Waiting for Crillon." Part III: Realism, Constructivism and Beyond. 6. Louis Mink, "History and Fiction as Modes of Comprehension." 7. David Carr, "Narrative and the Real World: An Argument for Continuity." 8. Andrew P. Norman, "Telling It Like It Was: Historical Narratives on Their Own Terms." Part IV: Postmodernism and the Theory of History. 9. Frank Ankersmit, "Historiography and Postmodernism." 10. Perez Zagorin, "Historiography and Postmodernism: Reconsiderations." 11. Frank Ankersmit, "Reply to Professor Zagorin." Part V: Representation and Trauma. 12. Hans Kellner, "'Never Again' is Now." 13. Berel Lang, "Is it Possible to Misrepresent the Holocaust?" Part VI: Gender, Sexuality, Sex. 14. David Halperin, "Is there a History of Sexuality?" 15. Nancy Partner, "No Sex, No Gender." Part VIII: Objectivity. 16. Thomas Haskell, "Objectivity is Not Neutrality: Rhetoric vs. Practice in Peter Novick's That Noble Dream." 17. R. Gorman, "Objectivity and Truth in History." 18. Chris Lorenz, "Historical Knowledge and Historical Reality: A Plea for Internal Realism. 19. Raymond Martin, "Progress in Historical Studies."

Finch, Lynette. The Classing Gaze: Sexuality, Class and Surveillance. St. Leonards, NSW, Australia: Allen and Unwin, 1993.

"Sexuality and the working class, two discursive constructs, share the same moment of birth during the second half of the nineteenth century. The Classing Gaze focuses on Australian social reports and reveals how sections of society were conceptually constructed as two distinct working classes.

"But what of the other working class: Marx's 'lumpenproletariet' and Victor Hugo's Les Miserables? How did twentieth century social theorists agree that only one working class existed?

"The Classing Gaze shows that the notion of sexuality holds the key to the appearance of both groups and the 'disappearance' of one and furthermore that it was the sexuality of women that occupied central stage in the classing process. It argues that underlying our modern social organisation is the silent organising discourse of sexuality." from the back cover

"This book adds new perspectives to current historical scholarship, using Australia as a case study to illuminate broad international concerns. Using the insights of Michel Foucault, it directs historical work away from simplistic empiricist readings of documents concerning class and sexuality, and towards an understanding of the constructed character of categories of thought. The result is a fascinating discussion of middle-class and official discourses on the 'working class' and especially the intersections of class and sexuality: her examples include incest, childhood innocence, seduction, abortion, pregnancy and mothering. Lyn Finch's work enhances our historical understanding of how both class and sexuality were understood and thought about. Feminist post-structuralist history is making its mark" Ann Curthoys

Finlay-Pelinski, Marike, "Semiotics or History: From Content Analysis to Contextualized Discursive Praxis." Semiotica , 40:3-4 (1982), 229-266.

See also Peter Haidu, "Semiotics and History."

Finzsch, Norbert, and Jutte, Robert, Eds. Institutions of Confinement: Hospitals and Prisons in Western Europe and North American, 1500-1950. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. Publications of the German Historical Institute, Washington, DC.

"A study of the development of prisons, hospitals and insane asylums in America and Europe which grew out discussions between its two editors about their work on the history of hospitals, poor relief, deviance, and crime, and a subsequent conference that attempted to assess the impacts of Foucault and Elias. Seventeen contributors from six different countries with backgrounds in history, sociology and criminology utilize various methodological approaches and reflect the various viewpoints in the theoretical debate over Foucault's work." from the Cambridge on-line catalog

Includes: "Elias, Foucault, Oestreich: On a Historical Theory of Confinement"; "Four Centuries of Prison History"; "The Transformation of the American Hospital"; "The Construction of the Hospital Patient in Early Modern France"; "Before the Clinic was 'Born'"; "Methodological Perspectives in Hospital History"; "Syphilis and Confinement: Hospitals in Early Modern Germany"; "Madhouses, Children's Wards, and Clinics: The Development of Insane Asylums in Germany"; "Pietist Universal Reform and Care of the Sick and the Poor"; Michel Foucault's Impact on German Historiography of Criminal Justice, Social Discipline, and Medicalization"; "The History of Ideas and Its Significance for the Prison System"; "The Prerogatives of Confinement in Germany, 1933-1945"; "'Comparing Apples and Oranges?': The American and German Juvenile Court, 1882-1923"; "The Medicalization of Criminal Law Reform in Imperial Germany"; Prison Reform in France and Other European Countries in the Nineteenth Century"; "Surveillance and Redemption: The Casa di Correzione of San Michele a Ripa in Rome"; "'Policing the Bachelor Subculture': The Demographics of Summary Misdemeanants, Allegheny County Jail, 1892-1923"; "Beyond Confinement?: Notes on the History and Possible Future of Solitary Confinement in Germany."

Fontana, Biancamaria, Review of Only Paradoxes to Offer, Joan Wallach Scott. Times Literary Supplement , 4900 (28 February 1997), 31.

Fraser, Nancy, "On the Political and the Symbolic: Against the Metaphysics of Textuality." boundary 2 , 14:1-2 (Fall 1985/Winter 1986), 195-209.

Also published in Enclitic 9:1-2/Issue 17-18, 100-114. Focuses upon Dominick LaCapra's Rethinking Intellectual History.

Freedman, Paul, and Gabrielle M. Spiegel, "Medievalisms Old and New: The Rediscovery of Alterity in North American Medieval Studies." American Historical Review , 103:3 (June 1998), 677-704.

"Paul Freedman and Gabrielle M. Spiegel Look at changes in American views of the Middle Ages, especially during the twentieth century. They argue that until recently the prevailing opinion among United States medievalists was that the founding of modern ideas and institutions could be located in the Middle Ages. Freedman and Spiegel credit Charles Homer Haskins with developing the professional study of the modern state and its constitutional and institutional structures the primary subjects continued this intellectual project by portraying the Middle Ages as progressive, particularly in economics and science, and as an era that nurtured the Western idea of individuality. However, Freedman and Spiegel contend that in recent years historians have begun to depict the Middle Ages in quite different and more disturbing and grotesque terms. A destabilized portrayal of the medieval period has emerged as a result of wider changes in the outlook on the past brought about by both the direct and indirect influence of postmodernism on historiography. Historians and other medievalists are now more inclined either to regard the Middle Ages as radically disconnected from the recent or, seeing modernity itself in more disturbing terms, to consider the medieval centuries as the originating negative characteristics of European history such as colonialism and intolerance. Freedman and Spiegel's wide-ranging twentieth-century United States medieval historians, it also illuminates the impact of some of the common and most significant developments in the scholarship of historians studying very different times and places." editor's note, AHR, 103:3 (June 1998), xiv-xv.

Freiwald, Linn, "The Interrogation of Silence." Maryland Historian , 24:1 (1993), 43-50.

"In the context of poststructuralist theory, the author agonizes about the degree to which her research on children and the courts can be valid. Since children are silent, researchers can only speak from within the power structure and may not be able to judge whether juvenile courts are effective voices for children." G. O. Gagnon, America: History and Life, Vol. 32 (1995), 1049.

Gearhart, Suzanne, "History as Criticism: The Dialogue of History and Literature." diacritics , 17:3 (Fall 1983), 56-65.

Review of Dominick LaCapra's History and Criticism and Rethinking Intellectual History.

Gerstle, Gary, Review of The Nights of Labor, by Jacques Ranciere. Oral History Review , 20 (Spring/Fall 1992), 123-126.

Geyer, Michael, "Historical Fictions of Autonomy and the Europeanization of National History." Central European History , 22:3-4 (September/December 1989), 316-342.

Geyer, Michael, and Konrad H. Jarausch, "The Future of the German Past Transatlantic Reflections for the 1990s." Central European History , 22:3-4 (September/December 1989), 229-259.

Geyer, Michael, and Konrad H. Jarausch, "Great Men and Postmodern Ruptures: Overcoming the 'Belatedness' of German Historiography." German Studies Review , 18:2 (May 1995), 253-273.

Gilley, Sheridan, "History Without Morality, History Without Truth." History Today , 46 (May 1996), 11-13.

Goldstein, Jan, "Foucault Among the Sociologists: The 'Discipline' and the History of the Professions." History and Theory , 23:2 (1984), 170-192.

Goldstein, Jan, "Framing Discipline with Law: Problems and Promises of the Liberal State." American Historical Review , 98:2 (April 1993), 364-275.

"... while praising Engelstein for having identified the relationship between law and discipline as the conceptual heart of Foucault's political theory, finds that Engelstein's reading of Foucault exaggerates the French philosopher's anarchism and overlooks the liberal sympathies that exist in tension with his suspicion of liberalism. Goldstein also criticizes Engelstein's stark contrast between Russia and the Western democracies and notes that the regulation of prostitution in nineteenth-century France provides ample evidence of frequent breaches of the rule of law by the administration's disciplinary police. Goldstein closes by sketching out a project in comparative history that might result from the innovative way in which Engelstein has posed questions about the relationship between law and discipline." editor's note

Gordon, Daniel, Review of The Killing of History, by Keith Windschuttle. History and Theory (October 1999)

Gordon, Linda, Review of Gender and the Politics of History, Joan Wallach Scott. American Historical Review , 1156-1157.

Gordon, Linda, "Response to Scott." Signs , 15:4 (Summer 1990), 852-853.

Response to Joan W. Scott's review of Gordon's Heroes of Their Own Lives.

Gordon, Linda, Review of Gender and the Politics of History, Joan Wallach Scott. Signs , 15:4 (Summer 1990), 853-858.

Gorman, J. L., "Reality and Irony in History." Storia della Storiografia , 24 (1993)

Gran, Peter Beyond Eurocentrism: A New View of Modern World History Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1996.

Green, Anna, and Kathleen Troup The Houses of History: A Critical Reader in Twentieth-Century History and Theory New York: New York University Press, 1999.

"The Houses of History is a clear, jargon-free introduction to the major theoretical perspectives employed by twentieth-century historians. This innovative critical reader incorporates a wide range of approaches to the writing of history, giving clear accounts of twelve schools of thought ranging from empiricism to poststructuralism.

"Each chapter begins with a succinct description of the ideas integral to a particular theory. the authors then explore the insights and controversies arising from the application of this particular model. The principal contributors to the development of the school are identified, as are the major critics. the chapter concludes with a representative example from a historian writing within this framework. A short list of references gives a guide to further reading in each area." from the back cover of the paperback edition

Contents: 1. The Empiricists. 2. Marxist Historians. 3. Freud and Psychohistory. 4. The Annales. 5. Historical Sociology. 6. Quantitative History. 7. Anthropology and Ethnohistorians. 8. The Question of Narrative. 9. Oral History. 10. Gender and History. 11. Postcolonial Perspectives. 12. The Challenge of Poststructuralism/Postmodernism.

Hacking, Ian. Why Does Language Matter to Philosophy? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.

"Including chapters on Hobbes, Berkeley, Chomsky, Russell, Wittgenstein, Ayer, Feyerabend and Davidson, among others, this survey attempts to discover the importance of language in philosophy through numerous case studies." from the Cambridge University Press on-line catalog

Hacking, Ian. The Emergence of Probability: A Philosophical Study of Early Ideas About Probability, Induction and Statistical Inference. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.

"Historical records show that there was no real concept of probability in Europe before the mid-seventeenth century although the use of dice and other randomizing objects was commonplace. Ian Hacking here presents a philosophical critique of early ideas about probability, induction and statistical inference and the growth of this new family of ideas in fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries. The contemporary debate centers round such figures as Pascal, Leibniz and Jacques Bernoulli.

"What brought about the change in ideas? The author invokes in his explanation a wider intellectual framework involving the growth of science, economics, and theology in the period. He argues that the transformations which made it possible for probability concepts to emerge have tended to constrain all subsequent development of probability theory and to determine the space within which philosophical debate on the subject is still conducted." from the back cover of the paperback edition

Hacking, Ian, "Language, Truth, and Reason." In Rationality and Relativism. M. Hollis and S. Lukes, Eds. Oxford: Blackwell, and Cambridge: MIT Press, 1982. pp. 48-66.

Hacking, Ian, "Wittgenstein the Psychologist." New York Review of Books , (1 April 1982), 42-44.

Hacking, Ian, "The Accumulation of Styles of Scientific Reasoning." In Kant oder Hegel. D. Heinrich, Ed. Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 1983. pp. 453-465.

Hacking, Ian, "Biopower and the Avalanche of Numbers." Humanities and Society , 5 (1983), 279-295.

Hacking, Ian. Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

An introduction to the philosophy of natural science, organized around the central theme of scientific realism.

Hacking, Ian, "Five Parables." In Philosophy in History: Essays in the Historiography of Philosophy. Richard Rorty, J. B. Schneewind and Quentin Skinner, Eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984. Ideas in Context series. pp. 103-124.

Hacking, Ian, "Styles of Scientific Reasoning." In Post-Analytic Philosophy. John Rajchman and Cornel West, Eds. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985. pp.145-165.

Hacking, Ian, "The Archaeology of Foucault." In Foucault: A Critical Reader. D. C. Hoy, Ed. Oxford: Blackwell, 1986. pp. 27-40.

Hacking, Ian, "Self-Improvement." In Foucault: A Critical Reader. D. C. Hoy, Ed. Oxford: Blackwell, 1986. pp. 235-240.

Hacking, Ian, "Making Up People." In Reconstructing Individualism: Autonomy, Individuality and the Self in Western Thought Thomas. C. Heller, Morton Sosna, and David E. Wellberry, Eds. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1986. pp. 222-236.

Hacking, Ian, "The Participant Irrealist at Large in the Laboratory." British Journal for the Philosophy of Science , 39 (1988), 277-294.

Hacking, Ian, "Telepathy: Origins of Randomization in Experimental Design." Isis , 79 (September 1988), 427-451.

Hacking, Ian, "On the Stability of the Laboratory Sciences." Journal of Philosophy , 85 (October 1988), 507-514.

Hacking, Ian, "Extragalactic Reality: The Case of Gravitational Lensing." Philosophy of Science , 56 (1989), 555-581.

Hacking, Ian. The Taming of Chance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. Ideas in Context, 17.

"In this important new study Ian Hacking continues the enquiry into the origins and development of certain characteristic modes of contemporary thought undertaken in such previous works as the best-selling The Emergence of Probability. Professor Hacking shows how by the late nineteenth century it became possible to think of statistical patterns as explanatory in themselves, and to regard the world as not necessarily deterministic in character. In the same period the idea of human nature was displaced by a model of normal people with laws of dispersion. These two parallel transformations fed into each other, so that chance made the world seem less capricious: it was legitimated because it brought order out of chaos. Professor Hacking argues that these developments have led to a new style of scientific reasoning gaining its hold on us. The greater the level of indeterminism in our conception of the world and of people, the more we expect control and intervention in our lives, and the less we expect freedom.

"Combining detailed scientific historical research with characteristic philosophic breadth and verve, The Taming of Chance brings out the relations between philosophy, the physical sciences, mathematics, and the development of social institutions, and provides a unique and authoritative analysis of the 'probabilisation' of the western world." from the back cover of the paperback edition

Hacking, Ian, Two Kinds of 'New Historicism' for Philosophers." New Literary History , 21:2 (Winter 1990), 343-364.

See also David A. Hollinger, "Reflections on the Jamesian Arch."

Hacking, Ian, "A Reply to David Hollinger." New Literary History , 21:2 (Winter 1990), 373-376.

See David A. Hollinger, "Reflections on the Jamesian Arch."

Hacking, Ian, "Double Consciousness in Britain, 1815-1875." Dissociation , 4 (1991), 134-146.

Hacking, Ian, "The Making and Molding of Child Abuse." Critical Inquiry , 17 (Winter 1991), 253-288.

Hacking, Ian, "On Boyd." Philosophical Studies February 1991.

Hacking, Ian, "Tradition of Natural Kinds." Philosophical Studies February 1991.

Hacking, Ian, "The Self-Vindication of the Laboratory Sciences." In Pickering, Ed. 1991.

Hacking, Ian, "Two Souls in One Body." Critical Inquiry , 17 (Summer 1991), 838-867.

Hacking, Ian, "Statistical Language, Statistical Truth, and Statistical Reason: The Self-Authentification of a Style of Scientific Reasoning." In The Social Dimensions of Science. Notre Dame, IN: Notre Dame University Press, 1992. pp. 130-157.

Hacking, Ian, "World-Making by Kind-Making: Child Abuse for Example." In How Classification Works: Nelson Goodman among the Social Sciences. Mary Douglas and David Hull, Eds. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1992. pp. 180-238.

Hacking, Ian, "The Self-Vindication of the Laboratory Sciences." In Science as Practice and Culture. Andrew Pickering, Ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992. pp. 29-64.

Hacking, Ian, "'Style' for Historians and Philosophers." Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science , 23 (March 1992), 1-20.

Hacking, Ian, "How, Why, When, and Where Did Language Go Public" Common Knowledge Fall 1992.

Hacking, Ian, "On Kripke's and Goodman's Uses of 'Grue'." Philosophy , 68 (July 1993), 269-295.

Hacking, Ian, "Goodman's New Riddle is Pre-Humian." Revue internationale de philosophie , 46 (1993), 229-243.

Hacking, Ian, "Some Reasons for Not Taking Parapsychology Very Seriously." Dialogue , 32 (1993), 587-594.

Hacking, Ian, "The Looping Effects of Human Kinds." In Causal Cognition: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Dan Sperber, David Premack, and Ann J. Premack, Eds. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994. pp. 351-394.

Hacking, Ian, "Entrenchment." In GRUE: the New Riddle of Induction David Stalker, Ed. LaSalle, IL: Open Court, 1994.

Hacking, Ian, ""Paul Feyerabend, Humanist." Common Knowledge Fall 1994.

Hacking, Ian, "Rewriting the Soul" History of the Human Sciences November 1995.

Hacking, Ian. Rewriting the Soul: Multiple Personality and the Sciences of Memory. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995.

"Twenty-five years ago one could list by name the tiny number of multiple personalities recorded in the history of Western medicine, but today hundreds of people receive treatment for dissociative disorders in every sizable town in North America. Clinicians, backed by a grassroots movement of patients and therapists, find child sexual abuse to the primary cause of the illness, while critics accuse the 'MPD' community of fostering false memories of childhood trauma. Here the distinguished philosopher Ian Hacking use the MPD epidemic and its links with the contemporary concept of child abuse to scrutinize today's moral and political climate, especially our power struggles about memory and our efforts to cope with psychological injury.

"What is it like to suffer from multiple personality? Most diagnosed patients are women: why should gender matter? How does defining an illness affect the behavior of those who suffer from it? And, more generally, how do systems of knowledge about kinds of people interact with the people who are known about? Answering these and similar questions, Hacking explores the development of the modern multiple personality movement. He then turns to a fascinating series of historical vignettes about an earlier wave of multiples, people who were diagnosed when new ways of thinking about memory emerged, particularly in France, toward the end of the nineteenth century. Fervently occupied with the study of hypnotism, hysteria, sleepwalking, and fugue, scientists of this period aimed to take the soul away from the religious sphere. What better way to do this than to make memory a surrogate for the soul and then subject it to empirical investigation?

"Made possible by these nineteenth-century developments, the current outbreak of dissociative disorders is embedded in new political settings. Rewriting the Soul concludes with a powerful analysis linking historical and conemporary material in a fresh contribution to the archaeology of knowledge. As Foucault once identified a politics that centers on the body and another that clasifies and organizes the human population, Hacking has now provided a masterful description of the politics of memory; the scientizing of the soul and the wounds it can receive." from the book jacket

Hacking, Ian, "The Looping Effects of Human Kinds." In Causal Cognition: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach Dan Sperber, David Premack, and Ann J. Premack, Eds. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995.

Hacking, Ian, "On an Alleged Anti-Linguistic Turn." Common Knowledge Fall 1995.

Hacking, Ian, "John Searle's Building Blocks." History of the Human Sciences , (1997)

Hacking, Ian, "Searle, Reality, and the Social." History of the Human Sciences , 10:4 (November 1997), 83-

Hacking, Ian, "Les Alienes voyageurs: How Fuge Became a Medical Entity." History of Psychiatry

Hacking, Ian Mad Travelers: Reflections on the Reality of Transient Mental Illnesses. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1998.

Hacking, Ian, "Teenage Pregnancy: Social Construction?" In Early Parenting as a Social and Ethical Issue David Checkland and James Wong, Eds. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998.

Hacking, Ian, "Canguilhem Amid the Cyborgs." Economy and Society , 27 (1998), 202-216.

Hacking, Ian, "Are You a Social Constructionist?" Lingua Franca (May/June 1999), 65-72.

Excerpted from The Social Construction of What?.

Hacking, Ian. The Social Construction of What? Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

"In May 1999 Harvard University Press will publish Ian Hacking's new book The Social Construction of What? Hacking, University Professor at the University of Toronto, has worked in a wide number of fields from philosophy of language to philosophy of science to the behavioral sciences. In his new book, he defies the widely held belief that the "Analytic Philosophers" and the "Continental Philosophers" cannot be friends. Equally at home in the writings of W. V. Quine and Michel Foucault, Hacking is a gifted expositor of the recondite and is the chief explainer of the most abstruse realms of philosophy.

"Talk of social construction is all the rage, but it is also detested. For some people it is liberating. Mothers, for example, learn that the roles and expectations of motherhood are seldom the consequence of biological necessity but are instead "social constructions," which are not as binding as had been thought. For others, social construction work is destructive and often ignorant; nowhere is this hostility more deeply felt than by critics of social construct analyses of the natural sciences.

"There have been dozens of books and hundreds of articles with the title "The Social Construction of ..." Many fundamentally different kinds of things are said to be constructed--brotherhood, the child viewer of television, facts, gender, quarks, and reality. Ian Hacking urges us to say exactly what is supposed to be socially constructed in any situation. A person? An object? A theory? An institution? Different "what's" mean different notions of social construction.

Drawing on his background as a distinguished philosopher of science, Hacking excavates the deep issues that underlie the recent "science wars." In The Social Construction of What he offers an impartial and respectful examination of the culture wars from all sides. He ranges widely over the literature--including science, gender, and culture based work--of social construction, clarifying what constructionism is about and why it has generated so much excitement in academia. This book is up-to-the-minute and informed about an amazing array of topics. Written with generosity and gentle wit, the book is anchored in a tradition that prizes clarity more than enthusiasm, that values respect of polemics, and prefers reasoning to exhortation. It will transform the entire family of debates about social construction." from the Harvard University Press publicity release

"Lost in the raging debate over the validity of social construction is the question of what, precisely, is being constructed. Facts, gender, quarks, reality? Is it a person? An object? An idea? A theory? Each entails a different notion of social construction, Ian Hacking reminds us. The Social Construction of What? explores an array of examples to reveal the deep issues underlying contentious accounts of reality.

"Especially troublesome in this dispute is the status of the natural sciences, and this is where Hacking finds some of his most telling cases, from the conflict between biological and social approaches to mental illness to vying accounts of current research in sedimentary geology. He looks at the issue of child abuse--very much a reality, though the idea of child abuse is a social product. He also cautiously examines the ways in which advanced research on new weapons influences not the content but the form of science. In conclusion, Hacking comments on the 'culture wars' in anthropology, in particular a spat between leading ethnographers over Hawaii and Captain Cook. Written with generosity and gentle wit by one of our most distinguished philosophers of science, this wise book brings a much need measure of clarity to current arguments about the nature of knowledge." from the cover of the advance page proofs

Contents: 1. Why Ask What? 2. Too Many Metaphors. 3. What about the Natural Sciences? 4. Madness: Biological or Constructed? 5. Kind-making: The Case of Child Abuse. 6. Weapons Research. 7. Rocks. 8 The End of Captain Cook.

Haidu, Peter, "Semiotics and History." Semiotica , 40:3-4 (1982), 187-228.

See also Marike Finlay-Pelinski, "Semiotics or History: From Content Analysis to Contextualized Praxis.""

Hamerow, Theodore S., "The Bureaucratization of History." American Historical Review , 94:3 (June 1989), 654-660.

Hamerow, Theodore S. Reflections on History and Historians. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1987.

Harlan, David, "Intellectual History and the Return of Literature." American Historical Review , 94:3 (June 1989), 581-609.

Harlan, David, "Reply to David Hollinger." American Historical Review , 94:3 (June 1989), 622-626.

Harlen, David. The Degradation of American History Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1997.

"American historical writing has traditionally been one of our primary forms of moral reflection. However, in the disillusionment following the 1960s, history abandoned its redemptive potential and took up the methodology of the social sciences. In this provocative new book, Harlan describes the reasons for this turn to objectivity and professionalism, explains why it failed, and examines the emergence of a New Traditionalism in American historical writing." from the back cover

Harootunian, H. D. Things Seen and Unseen: Discourse and Ideology in Tokugawa Nativism Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.

"This long-awaited work explores the place of tokugaku (rendered here as 'nativism') during Japan's Tokugawa period. Kokugaku, the sense of a distinct and sacred Japanese identity, appeared in the eighteenth century in reaction to the pervasive influence of Chinese culture on Japan. Against this influence, nativists sought a Japanese sense of difference grounded in folk tradition, agricultural values, and ancient Japanese religion. H. D. Harootunian treats nativism as a discourse and shows how it functioned ideologically in Tokugawa Japan.

"To contest the sinocentric conception of identity, Japanese nativists concentrated on producing a knowledge about being Japanese through a reading of texts belonging to the native tradition. Yet, as Harootunian demonstrated, this reading was really a reworking of texts in order to show how language, sensibility, and belief had been distorted and even repressed by the imposition of Chinese culture. the recognition of an authentic language and belief system that had existed before the importation of an alien civilization prompted nativists to demand the restoration of these elements of 'pure' culture as a means of recovering wholeness and unity in contemporary life. Late nativists went even further to propose that active religious practice had to be expressed in work in order to reproduce the conditions of creation.

"Harootunian show how in time nativism, conceived as a defense of difference, itself became the site of sameness. With the proclamation of Japanese identity in the name of cultural unity and ethnic homogeneity, what had begun as a visible discourse on the social was transmuted into an invisible ideology devote to securing a consensual order."

"As in his previous work, Harootunian foregrounds the theoretical issue raised in the course of his discussion. rejecting the procedures of 'common sense history' still dominant in Japanese studies, he draws on the insights of poststructuralist and marxist critics to develop a method of reading nativism." from the back cover

Harootunian, Harry History's Disquiet: Modernity, Cultural Practice, and the Question of Everyday Life New York: Columbia University Press, forthcoming. pub date: May 2000. The Wellek Library Lectures.

"Our understanding of the culture and geopolitics of the world around us has been characterized by a partitioning between an ;inside' and an 'outside' that has succeeded in producing categories that act as boundaries. Yet even as the postmodern academic community professes awareness of the capricious nature of such barriers, scholars regularly operate within the strictures implied. Contemporary history has shown that as these barriers become ever less logical, the meaning of modernity is thrown sharply into question.

"In History's Disquiet, acclaimed historian Harry Harootunian calls attention to the boundaries that compartmentalize the world around us. In one of the first works to explore on equal footing the European and Japanese conceptions of modernity--as imagined in the writings of Georg Simmel and Walter Benjamin, as well as ethnologist Yanagita Kunio and Marxist philosopher Tosaka Jun--Harootunian seeks to expose the archaic nature of scholarly categories. In demystifying these rigid categories, he demonstrates how they can be escaped.

"As elegantly written as it is controversial, History's Disquiet is a book that will be widely read and debated in a spectrum of fields ranging from postcolonial studies to intellectual history. It is both an invitation for rethinking intellectual boundaries and an invigorating affirmation that such boundaries can indeed be broken down." from the Columbia Univeristy Press Spring 2000 catalog

Haskell, Thomas L., "The Curious Persistence of Rights Talk in the 'Age of Interpretation.'" Journal of American History , 74 (1987),

Haskell, Thomas L., Review of Historical Truth and Lies about the Past: Reflections on Dewey, Dreyfus, de Man, and Reagan, by Alan B. Spitzer. American Historical Review , 103:2 (April 1998), 482-483.

Hawthorn, Geoffrey. Plausible Worlds: Possibility and Understanding in History and the Social Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

"Plausible Worlds is an original study of the place of counterfactual judgments in explanation in history and the social sciences. All explanations suggest counterfactuals but unlike many recent theorists of history and the social sciences, Geoffrey Hawthorn argues that there can be no theoretical answer to the question of precisely which counterfactuals to admit. We must use our judgment, and in particular our practical judgment. Such judgments, however, are inherently particular, and the arguments must be made through examples. Accordingly Hawthorn takes three: mortality from plague in early modern Europe and rural fertility in France and England in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; the United States' occupation of southern Korea between 1945 and 1948; and Duccio's painting in Florence and Siena. The argument that emerges from all three casts doubt on existing assumptions about the nature and place of theory, and indeed of the possibility of knowledge itself, in the human sciences." from the flyleaf.

Hayes, Tom, "Diggers, Ranters, and Women Prophets: The Discourse of Madness and the Cartesian Cogito in Seventeenth-Century England." Clio , 26:1 (Fall 1996), 29-50.

Hearn, Jeffrey, "Poststructuralism and the Study of the Past: An Introduction in Spite of Itself." Maryland Historian , 24:1 (1993), 1-7.

"Relates structuralism to poststructuralism to history while defining the key elements in understanding these related philosophical approaches." G. O. Gagnon, Historical Abstracts Vol. 46, Part A (1993), 648.

Heise, Ursula K. Chronoschisms: Time, Narrative, and Postmodernism. Cambridge University Press.

"In Chronoschisms Ursula Heise explores the way developments in communication and information technology have led to the emergence of a new culture of time in Western societies. Drawing on theories of postmodernism and narratology, she shows how postmodern narratives break up the concept of plot into a spectrum of contradictory story lines that allow new conceptions of history and posthistory to emerge. This wide-ranging study offers new readings of postmodernist theory and fresh insight into the often vexing relationship between literature and science." from the Cambridge University Press catalog

Henning, E. M., "Report on the Recent 'Conference on the Future of European Intellectual History'." Intellectual History Newsletter , 2 (Fall, 1980), 28-32.

Higashi, Sumiko, "Rethinking Film as American History." Rethinking History , 2:1 (Spring 1998), 87-101.

"Abstract: An extended review of Ken Burns's The Civil War: Historians Respond, edited by Robert Brent Toplin, and Robert Burgoyne's Film Nation: Hollywood Looks at US History, this essay contrasts the way historians and film theorists write about film as history. Whereas film critics interested in close readings privilege signification or how texts construct meanings, historians focus on issues of authenticity. A good example of historians on film is Ken Burns's The Civil War. Although Burns's film as extremely successful as television programming, 'new' social historians writing history from below objected to the film's conventional representation of the Civil War as military history. Absent was thoughtful discussion about issues of slavery and emancipation and the social revolution engineered by the war. Yet the public responded to Burns's evocative rendering of the cult of the warrior, a cult that was especially resonant in a post-Vietnam War era. Indeed, audiences are mostly responsive to representations of history, like The Civil War and Forrest Gump, that evoke sentiment without raising troubling questions about the past.

"A film theorist, Robert Burgoyne gives close readings of Glory, Thunderheart, Born on the Fourth of July, and JFK to show how films play an important role in the formation of a national consciousness and identity. Stressing genres as cultural forms that reverberate with unresolved social issues regarding race and gender, he discusses rewritings of both the western and melodrama. Burgoyne also demonstrates that modernist and postmodernist rather than realist representations are more provocative as film-making styles interrogating the past. Concluding with a discussion of a conservative film, Forrest Gump, he comments on 'prosthetic memory' as a form of mediated access to the past that amounts to historical amnesia, but is nonetheless an expression of national consciousness."

Himmelfarb, Gertrude, "Some Reflections on the New History." American Historical Review , 94:3 (June 1989), 661-670.

Himmelfarb, Gertrude, "Telling It as You Like It: Post-modernist History and the Flight for Fact." Times Literary Supplement , (16 October 1992), 12-

Himmelfarb, Gertrude, "On Looking into the Abyss." In On Looking into the Abyss: Untimely Thoughts on Culture and Society. New York: Knopf, 1994. pp. 3-26, 164-168.

Himmelfarb, Gertrude, "Postmodernist History." In On Looking into the Abyss: Untimely Thoughts on Culture and Society. New York: Knopf, 1994. pp. 131-161, 182-188.

Hinds, Katherine, "Joan Wallach Scott: Breaking New Ground for Women." Change , 17 (July/August 1985), 48-53.

Hodges, Jill, and Athar Hussain, "La police des familles." Ideology and Consciousness , 5 (Spring 1979), 87-123.

Review of La police des familles, by Jacques Donzelot (1977)

Hollinger, David A., "The Return of the Prodigal: The Persistence of Historical Knowing." American Historical Review 94 (June 1989), 610-621.

Hollinger, David A., "Reflections on the Jamesian Arch: A Response to Ian Hacking." New Literary History 21:2 (Winter 1990), 365-371.

See Hacking's articles "Two Kinds of 'New Historicism' for Philosophers" and "A Reply to David Hollinger."

Hollinger, David A., "Discourse about Discourse about Discourse? A Response to Dominick LaCapra." Intellectual History Newsletter 13 (1991), 15-18.

Hollinger, David A., Review of Objectivity is Not Neutrality, by Thomas L. Haskell. Journal of American History 85:4 (March 1999)

Holt, Thomas C., "Experience and the Politics of Intellectual Inquiry." Critical Inquiry

Reprinted in James Chandler, Arnold I. Davidson, and Harry Harootunian, Eds., Questions of Evidence: Proof, Practice, and Persuasion across the Disciplines (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994), pp. 388-396.

Howard, John, Review of Queer Fictions of the Past: History, Culture, and Difference." American Historical Review (December 1998), 1566

Howland, D. R. Borders of Chinese Civilization: Geography and History at Empire's End. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1996. Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society series.

"D. R. Howland explores Chinas representations of Japan in the changing world of the late nineteenth century and, in so doing, examines the cultural and social borders between the two neighbors. Looking at Chinese accounts of Japan written during the 1870s and 1880s, he undertakes an unprecedented analysis of the main genres the Chinese used to portray Japan -- the travel diary, poetry, and the geographical treatise. In his discussion of the practice of 'brushtalk,' in which Chinese scholars communicated with the Japanese by exchanging ideographs, Howland further show how the Chinese viewed the communication of their language and its dominant modes -- history and poetry -- as the textual and cultural basis of a shared civilization between the two societies.

"With Japan's decision in the 1870s to modernize and westernize, China's relationship with Japan underwent a crucial change -- one that resulted in its decisive separation from Chinese civilization and, according to Howland, a destabilization of China's worldview. His examination of the ways in which Chinese perceptions of Japan altered in the 1880s reveals the crucial choice faced by the Chinese of whether to interact with Japan as 'kin,' based on geographical proximity and the existence of common cultural threads, or as a 'barbarian,' an alien force molded by European influence. By probing China's poetic and expository modes of portraying Japan, Borders of Chinese Civilization exposes the changing world of the nineteenth century and China's comprehension of it." from the back cover

Hudson, Pat, Review of Joan Wallach Scott, Gender and the Politics of History. Labour History Review 55:1 (Spring 1990), 116-117.

Hull, Isabel V., "Feminist and Gender History: Through the Literary Looking Glass: German Historiography in Postmodern Times." Central European History 22:3-4 (September/December 1989), 279-300.

Hutcheon, Linda, "The Postmodern Problematizing of History." English Studies in Canada 14 (1988),

Hutton, Patrick H. History as an Art of Memory Hanover and London: University Press of New England, 1993.

"With a broad, interdisciplinary command of the subject, Patrick H. Hutton considers the ideas of philosophers, poets, and historians, focusing especially on the work of Giambattista Vico, Maurice Halbwachs, Philippe Aries, and Michel Foucault. He surveys such questions as the roots of contemporary historical interest in the memory topic, the eternal paradox of repetition and recollection as moments of memory, the ways in which the art of memory has been refashioned to serve the needs of the modern age and becomes integrated into historical thinking, and historians' changing attitudes toward the historiographical tradition of scholarship on the French Revolution." from the back cover

Iggers, Georg G. Historiography in the Twentieth Century: From Scientific Objectivity to the Postmodern Challenge. Hanover, NH and London: Wesleyan University Press (University of New England), 1997.

"A preeminent intellectual historian here examines the profound changes in ideas about the nature of history and historiograpy. Georg G. Iggers traces the basic assumptions upon which historical research and writing have been based since history's emergence as a professional discipline in the 19th century, and describes how the newly emerging social sciences transformed historiography following World War II. The discipline's greatest challenge may have come in the last two decades, when postmodern ideas forced a reevaluation of the relationship of historians to their subject and called into question the very possibility of objective history. Iggers sees the contemporary discipline as a hybrid, moving away from a classical, macrohistorical apprach toward microhistory, cultural history, and the history of everyday life. Still, while the postmodern critique of traditional historiography offers important correctives to historical thought and practice, it 'has not destroyed the historian's commitment to recapturing reality or his or her belief in a logic of inquiry.'" from the back cover

Jacob, Margaret C., Review of The Killing of History, by Keith Windschuttle, andThe Opening of the American Mind, by Lawrence Levine. Journal of American History 85:2 (September 1998)

Jacques, T. Carlos, "From Savages and Barbarians to Primitives: Africa, Social Typologies, and History in Eighteenth-Century French Philosophy." History and Theory 36:2 (May 1997) 190-215.

"This article describes the conceptual framework (what I call a 'style of reasoning') within which knowledge about Africa was legitimated in eighteenth-century French philosophy. The article traces a shift or rupture in this conceptual framework which, at the end of the eighteenth century, led to the emergence of new conditions for knowledge legitimation that altered Europe's perception of Africa. The article examines these two conceptual frameworks within the context of a discussion of the social theory of the time, which categorized Africans first as savages, and then, with the advent of our modern 'style of reasoning,' as primitives. The argument used to demonstrate this change in categorizations is historical. (In the terminology of Michel Foucault, the paper is an 'archaeological' investigation of knowledge about Africa.) The greater part of the article analyses in detail the principal social theory of Enlightenment philosophy, the stadial theory of society, with the aim of demonstrating how it determined what could be affirmed about Africa. The shift in the perception of Africans from savages to primitives involved as epistemological change in how societies were grasped. The article provides a greater understanding of the constitution of Africa as a cognitive construct, which is not only of theoretical concern; this construct shaped Europe's intervention in Africa, and continues to influence what we believe Africa is and should become."abstract

Jarausch, Konrad H., "Towards a Social History of Experience; Postmodern Predicaments in Theory and Interdisciplinarity." Central European History 22:3-4 (September/December 1989), 427-443.

Jay, Martin, "The Textual Approach to Intellectual History" Strategies

Reprinted in Martin Jay, Force Fields.

Jay, Martin. Force Fields: Between Intellectual History and Cultural Critique. New York and London: Routledge, 1993.

"At a time when no theoretical model dominates our intellectual landscape, cultural criticism may seem feebly eclectic and indecisive. But if competing theories are skillfully positioned into a force field of energies, sparks of insight may ensue. The metaphor of a force field, taken from Walter Benjamin and Theodor Adorno, suggests a constellation of juxtaposed rather than fully integrated impulses or elements in a relational network. Force Fields collects the recent essays of Martin Jay, an intellectual historian and cultural critic internationally known for his work on the history of Western Marxism and the intellectual migration from Germany to America. The metaphor not only describes the ways these essays uneasily cohere into a patterned whole, but also serves to clarify many of the substantive issues they treat.

"The three main forces at work in this theoretical field are the Critical Theory of the Frankfurt School, post-structuralism, and the interrogation of vision and visuality that has become so pervasive in recent debates in the humanities. Each is present in varying degrees, sometimes in mutual support and sometimes tensely opposed, in essays that deal with a wide variety of themes--including post-modernist ethical theory, the aestheticization of politics, ideology critique after the collapse of the camera obscura model of false consciousness, the apocalyptic imagination in religious, scientific, and post-modernist thought, the anti-formalist impulse in modernist art, and current methodological debates in the humanities--as well as such figures as Bataille, Haberman, Schmitt, Heller, Arendt, Derrida, and de Man." from the back cover

Jelavich, Peter, "Contemporary Literary Theory: From Deconstruction Back to History." Central European History 22:3-4 (September/December 1989), 360-380.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Jenkins, Keith. Re-thinking History. London and New York: Routledge, 1991.

"Re-thinking History argues against a skills-based approach to history in favour of a methodological one. Drawing widely on developments in philosophy, literary theory, critical theory and politics, Keith Jenkins argues that history must abandon the search for objective truth about the past and come to terms with its own processes of production." from the jacket

Jenkins, Keith, "Marxism and Historical Knowledge: Tony Bennett and the Discursive Turn." Literature and History 3rd series, 3:1 (1994), 16-30.

Jenkins, Keith. On "What is History?": From Carr and Elton to Rorty and White. London and New York: Routledge, 1995.

"Carr and Elton are still the starting point for the vast majority of introductory courses on the nature of history. Building on his highly successful Re-thinking History, Keith Jenkins explores in greater detail the influence of these key figures. He argues that historians need to move beyond their 'modernist' thinking and embrace the postmodern-type approaches of theorists such as Richard Rorty and Hayden White." from the back cover

Jenkins, Keith, Ed. The Postmodern History Reader London and New York: Routledge, 1997.

"The Postmodern History Reader is designed to introduce students of history to some of the debates taking place today regarding the relationship between contemporary postmodern thinking and history. It is composed of four parts. In the first ('On History in the Upper Case: For and Against Postmodern Histories') extracts are given from some ten historians/theorists, including J. F. Lyotard, Jean Baudrillard, Elizabeth Ermarth, Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, Christopher Norris, and Bryan Palmer. In the second ('On History in the Lower Case: For and Against the Lower Case') extracts include those by Roland Barthes, Hans Kellner, Gertrude Himmelfarb, and Gabrielle Spiegel. In the third ('Nuanced and Ambiguous Others') extracts are taken from works by Joyce Appleby et al., Tony Bennett, and Susan Stanford Friedman. Part four of the text is composed of 'Debates from the Journals.' Here engagements between postmodern-type historians and those broadly opposed to them are examined. The debates are taken from Past and Present (Lawrence Stone, Patrick Joyce, and others), History and Theory (Ankersmit and Zagorin), Social History (Neville Kirk, Geoff Eley, Keith Nield, and others) and discussions of 'representations of the Holocaust' (drawing on Saul Friedlander, Hayden White, Robert Braun, Berel Lang, and others) which again includes extracts from History and Theory. The editor provides a lengthy general introduction and shorter introductions to each of the four sections." summary by the editor, History and Theory, 37:3 (October 1998), 422.

Includes: Keith Jenkins, "Introduction: On Being Open About Our Closures." Part 1. On History in the Upper Case: For and Against Postmodern Histories. Jean-Francois Lyotard, "The Postmodern Condition." Jean Baudrillard, "The Illusion of the End." Elizabeth Ermarth, "Sequel to History." Diane Elam, "Romancing the Postmodern," and "Feminism and Deconstruction." Robert Young, "White Mythologies: Writing History and the West." Iain Chambers, "Migrancy, Culture, Identity." Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, "Literary Criticism and the Politics of the New Historicism." Christopher Norris, "Postmodernizing History: Right-Wing Revsionism and the Uses of Theory." Bryan Palmer, "Critical Theory, Historical Materialism, and the Ostensible End of Marxism: The Poverty of Theory Revisited." Part 2. On History in the Lower Case: For and Against the Collapse of the Lower Case. Roland Barthes, "The Discourse of History." Michel Foucault, "Nietzsche, Genealogy, History." Hans Kellner, "Language and Historical Representation." Robert Berkhofer, "The Challenge of Poetics to (Normal) Historical Practice." Gertrude Himmelfarb, "Telling It As You Like It: Postmodernist History and the Flight From Fact." Geoffrey Elton, "Return to Essentials." Gabrielle Spiegel, "History, Historicism, and the Social Logic of the Text in the Middle Ages." Part 3. Nuance or Ambiguous Others. "Joyce Appleby, Lynn Hunt, Margaret Jacob, "Telling the Truth About History." Tony Bennett, "Outside Literature," and "Texts in History." Susan Stanford Friedman, "Making History: Reflections on Feminism, Narrative, and Desire." Part 4. Debates from the Journals. Extracts from Past and Present. Lawrence Stone, "History and Postmodernism." Patrick Joyce, "History and Postmodernism." Catriola Kelly, "History and Postmodernism." Lawrence Stone, "History and Postmodernism." Gabrielle Spiegel, "History and Postmodernism." Extracts from History and Theory. F. R. Ankersmit, "Historiography and Postmodernism." P. Zagorin, "Historiography and Postmodernism: Reconsiderations." Extracts from Social History. Neville Kirk, "History, Language, Ideas and Postmodernism: A Materialist View." Patrick Joyce, "The End of Social History?" Geoffrey Eley and Keith Nield, "Starting Over: The Present, The Postmodern and the Moment of Social History." Patrick Joyce, "The End of Social Hstory? A Brief Reply to Eley and Nield." History and Theory and Saul Friedlander (ed.) Probing the Limits of Representation: The Holocaust Debate. Saul Friedland, "Probing the Limits of Representation." Hayden White, "Historical Emplotment and the Problem of Truth." Hans Kellner, "'Never Again' is Now." "Wulf Kansteiner, "From Exception to Exemplum: the New Approaches to Nazism and the 'Final Solution.'" Robert Braun, "The Holocaust and Problems of Representation." Berel Lang, "Is it Possible to Misrepresent the Holocaust?"

Jenkins, Keith Why History?: Ethics and Postmodernity London and New York: Routledge, 1999.

"Why History? is an introduction to the issue of history and ethics. Designed to provoke discussion, the book asks whether a knowledge and understanding of the past is necessary, and if so, why?

"Why History? suggests that the goal of 'learning lessons from the past' is actually learning lessons from stories written by historians and others. If the past as history has no foundation, can anything ethical be gained from its study?

"Why History? presents liberating challenges to history and ethics, proposing that we have reached an emancipatory moment which is well beyond 'the end of history'." from the back cover of the paperback editin

Contents: Introduction: Living in Time but Outside History; Living in Morality but Outside Ethics. Part I: On the End of Metanarratives. Introduction. 1. On Jacques Derrida. 2. On Jean Baudrillard. 3. On Jean-Francois Lyotard. Part II: On the End of 'Proper History. Introduction. 4. On Richard Evans. 5. On Hayden White. 6. On Frank Ankersmit. Part III: Beyond Histories and Ethics. Introduction. 7. On Elizabeth Deeds Ermarth. 8. On David Harlan. Conclusion: Promisings.

Johnson, Eric A., "Reflections on an Old 'New History': Quantitative Social Science History in Postmodern Middle Age." Central European History 22:3-4 (September/December 1989), 408-426.

Joyce, Patrick, "History and Post-Modernism I." Past and Present 135 (November 1992), 204-209.

Joyce, Patrick, "The Imaginary Discontents of Social History: A Note of Response to Mayfield and Thorne, and Lawrence and Taylor." Social History 18:1 (1993), 81-

Joyce, Patrick Democratic Subjects: The Self and the Social in Nineteenth-Century England Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

"This history is the story of two men, and of the stories they and others told in order that it might be known who they were. It is a history of identity, 'the self' and social identity, and the realm of 'the social' itself in which identity is located. It explores critically the nature of class identity by looking at the formation and influence of two men who might be taken as representative of what 'working class' and 'middle class' meant in England in the nineteenth century. Class is seen to have been less significant than the various shapes of demos, and the two studies of individuals are complemented by a further study on narrative in pointing to the great importance of the collective subjects upon which democracy rested.

"The book indicates the way forward to a new history of democracy as an imagined entity. It represents a deepening of Patrick Joyce's engagement with 'post-modernist' theory, seeking the relevance of this theory for the writing of history, and in the process offering a critique of the conservatism of much academic history, particularly in Britain." from the back cover

Joyce, Patrick, "The End of Social History?" Social History 20:1 (1995), 73-

Joyce, Patrick, "The End of Social History? A Brief Reply to Eley and Nield." Social History 21:1 (1996), 96-

Kelly, Catriona., "History and Post-Modernism II." Past and Present 135 (November 1992), 209-213.

Kerber, Linda K., Review of Gender and the Politics of History by Joan Wallach Scott. International Labor and Working-Class History 39 (Spring 1991), 91-94.

Kessler-Harris, Alice, Review of Gender and the Politics of History, by Joan Wallach Scott. Dissent 36 (Spring 1989), 274-277.

Kettering, Sharon, Review of The Culture of Merit: Nobility, Royal Service, and the Making of Absolute Monarchy in France, 1600-1789, by Jay M. Smith. American Historical Review 103:2 (April 1998), 526-527.

See also Jay M. Smith's letter to the editor in response to this review, and Kettering's response to Smith's letter.

Kettering, Sharon, Letter. American Historical Review 103:3 (June 1998), 1045.

A response to Jay M. Smith's letter to the editor concerning Kettering's review of his book, The Culture of Merit: Nobility, Royal Service, and the Making of Absolute Monarchy in France, 1600-1789.

Kirkland, John, Review of Prophets of Extremity, by Allan Megill. History and Theory 26:2 (1987), 204-213.

Klein, Kerwin Lee, "In Search of Narrative Mastery: Postmodernism and the People Without History." History and Theory 34:3 (1995), 275-298.

Kloppenberg, James T., "Deconstruction and Hermeneutic Strategies for Intellectual History: The Recent Work of Dominick LaCapra and David Hollinger." Intellectual History Newsletter 9 (April 1987), 3-22.

Kloppenberg, James T., "Reply to LaCapra's 'Of Lumpers and Readers'." Intellectual History Newsletter 10 (April 1988), 11.

Koonz, Claudia, "Post Scripts." Women's Review of Books 6:4 (January 1989), 19-20.

Review of Joan Wallach Scott, Gender and the Politics of History.

Koselleck, Reinhart. Futures Past: On the Semantics of Historical Time. Translated from the German by Keith Tribe. 1979; Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1985. Studies in Contemporary German Social Thought.

"In these fifteen essays, one of Germany's most distinguished philosophers of history invokes an extraordinary array of witnesses and texts to explore the concept of historical time. The witnesses include politicians, philosophers, theologians, and poets, and the texts range from Renaissance paintings to the dreams of German citizens in the 1930s. Using these remarkable materials, Koselleck investigates the relationship of history to language, and of language to the deeper movements of human understanding." from the back cover

Koshar, Rudy J., "Playing the Cerebral Savage: Notes on Writing German History before the Linguistic Turn." Central European History 22: 3-4 (September/December 1989), 343-359.

Koshar, Rudy J., "Foucault and Social History: Comments on 'Combined Underdevelopment'." American Historical Review 98:2 (April 1993), 354-363.

"... notes that, although Engelstein raises important questions about Foucault's relevance to the study of social and political history, she elides what Koshar sees as productive contradictions of Foucault's account of disciplinary power. He adds that, in using Foucault's insights on the relationship of law and discipline, she constructs Russia as the illiberal 'Other' to an idealized West in much the same way that scholars of German exceptionalism have done in Sonderweg models. Koshar also questions Engelstein's depiction of state repression, pointing out that many scholars of the Nazi dictatorship have overestimated state control, and he argues that consideration ought to be given to the incompleteness of top-down power in the Russian and Soviet states." editor's note

Kramer, Lloyd S., "Intellectual History and Reality." Historical Reflections/Reflexions Historiques 13:2-3 (1986), 517-545.

Kramer, Lloyd S., "Nations as Texts: Literary Theory and the History of Nationalism." Maryland Historian 24:1 (1993), 71-82.

"Reviews Nation and Narration (1990), a collection of essays edited by Homi K. Bhabha that investigates nationalism using the poststructuralist techniques of literary criticism. The dominant theories of nationalism are not greatly modified by poststructuralism, but they do reemphasize language in the formation of nationalism." G. O. Gagnon, Historical Abstracts, Vol. 46, Part A (1995), 666.

LaCapra, Dominick, "Who Rules Metaphor?" diacritics 10:4 (Winter 1980), 15-28.

Review of Paul Ricoeur, The Rule of Metaphor.

LaCapra, Dominick. Rethinking Intellectual History: Texts, Contexts, Language. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1983.

Includes: "Rethinking Intellectual History and Reading Texts"; "A Poetics of Historiography: Hayden White's Tropics of Discourse"; "Reading Exemplars: Wittgenstein's Vienna and Wittgenstein's Tractatus"; "Who Rules Metaphor? Paul Ricoeur's Theory of Discourse": "Habermas and the Grounding of Critical Theory"; "Sartre and the Question of Biography"; "Marxism in the Textual Maelstrom: Frederic Jameson's The Political Unconscious"; "Reading Marx: the Case of The Eighteenth Brumaire"; "Bakhtin, Marxism, and the Carnivalesque"; "Marxism and Intellectual History."

LaCapra, Dominick, Review of Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics, Hubert L. Dreyfus and Paul Rabinow. American Historical Review 88 (June 1983), 648.

LaCapra, Dominick, "Is Everyone a Mentalite Case?: Transference and the 'Culture' Concept." History and Theory 23:3 (1984), 296-311.

LaCapra, Dominick. History and Criticism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1985.

Includes: "Rhetoric and History"; "The Cheese and the Worms: The Cosmos of a Twentieth-Century Historian"; "Is Everyone a Mentalite Case? Transference and the 'Culture' Concept"; "Writing the History of Criticism Now?"; "History and the Novel."

LaCapra, Dominick, "On Grubbing in My Personal Archives: An Historiographical Expose of Sorts (or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Transference)." boundary 2 13:2-3 (Winter/Spring 1985), 43-67.

LaCapra, Dominick, Review of Foucault, Marxism, and History, Mark Poster. American Historical Review 91 (June 1986), 628.

LaCapra, Dominick, "Comment." New Literary History 17 (Winter 1986), 219-221.

LaCapra, Dominick, "Criticism Today." In The Aims of Representation: Subject Text History. Columbia University Press, 1987. pp. 235-255.

LaCapra, Dominick, Review of Sande Cohen, Historical Culture. American Historical Review 92 (April 1987), 376-377.

LaCapra, Dominick, Review of The Open Boundary of History and Fiction, Suzanne Gearhart. Comparative Literature 39 (Spring 1987), 185-187.

LaCapra, Dominick, "History and Psychoanalysis." Critical Inquiry 13 (Winter 1987), 222-251.

LaCapra, Dominick, "A Review of a Review." Journal of the History of Ideas 49 (October/December 1988), 677-687.

LaCapra, Dominick, "Of Lumpers and Readers." Intellectual History Newsletter 10 (April 1988), 3-10.

LaCapra, Dominick, Review of The Hidden Reader, Victor H. Brombert. Modern Language Quarterly 49 (September 1988), 295-298.

LaCapra, Dominick, Review of The Content of the Form, Hayden V. White. American Historical Review 93 (October 1988), 1007-1008.

LaCapra, Dominick. Soundings in Critical Theory. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1989.

Includes: "Criticism Today"; History and Psychoanalysis"; "Chartier, Darnton, and the Great Symbol Massacre"; "The Temporality of Rhetoric"; "Culture and Ideology: From Geertz to Marx"; "Up against the Ear of the Other: Marx after Derrida"; "Intellectual History and Critical Theory."

LaCapra, Dominick, History, Politics, and the Novel Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1989.

LaCapra, Dominick, "Violence, Justice and the Force of the Law." Cardozo Law Review 11 (July/August 1990), 1065-1078.

LaCapra, Dominick, Ed. The Bounds of Race: Perspectives on Hegemony and Resistance. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1991.

LaCapra, Dominick, "Canons and Their Discontents." Intellectual History Newsletter 13 (1991), 3-14.

LaCapra, Dominick, "The Temporality of Rhetoric." In Chronotypes Stanford University Press, 1991. pp. 118-147.

LaCapra, Dominick, "Intellectual History and Its Ways." American Historical Review 97 (April 1992), 425-439.

LaCapra, Dominick Representing the Holocaust: History, Theory, Trauma Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1994.

LaCapra, Dominick, Review of The Self and Its Pleasures, Carolyn J. Dean. American Historical Review 99 (February 1994), 250-252.

LaCapra, Donimick, Review of Poetics of the New History, Philippe Carrard. Journal of Modern History 66 (June 1994), 354-359.

LaCapra, Dominick, "History, Literature and Reading: Waiting for Crillon." American Historical Review 100:3 (June 1995), 799-828.

LaCapra, Dominick, "Lanzmann's Shoah: 'Here There is No Why.'" Critical Inquiry 23 (Winter 1997), 231-269.

See also: Ora Gelley, "A Response to Dominick LaCapra's 'Lanzmann's Shoah'", Critical Inquiry 24 (Spring 1998), 830-832.

LaCapra, Dominick, "Equivocations of Autonomous Art." Critical Inquiry 24 (Spring 1998), 833-836.

See also: Ora Gelley, "A Response to Dominick LaCapra's 'Lanzmann's Shoah'", Critical Inquiry 24 (Spring 1998), 830-832.

LaCapra, Dominick and Steven L. Kaplan, Eds. Modern European Intellectual History: Reappraisals and New Perspectives. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982.

Includes: Roger Chartier, "Intellectual History or Sociocultural History?"; Dominick La Capra, "Rethinking Intellectual History and Reading Texts"; Martin Jay, "Should Intellectual History Take a Linguistic Turn? Reflections on the Habermas-Gadamer Debate"; Hans Kellner, "Triangular Anxieties: the Present State of European Intellectual History"; Mark Poster, "The Future According to Foucault: The Archaeology of Knowledge and Intellectual History"; E. M. Henning, "Archaeology, Deconstruction, and Intellectual History"; Keith Michael Baker, "On the Problem of the Ideological Origins of the French Revolution"; Peter Jelavich, "Popular Dimensions of Modernist Elite Culture: The Case of Theater in Fin-de Siecle Munich"; David James Fisher, "Reading Freud's Civilization and Its Discontents"; Hayden White, "Method and Ideology in Intellectual History: The Case of Henry Adams."

Levine, Lawrence W., "The Unpredictable Past: Reflections on Recent American Historiography." American Historical Review 94:3 (June 1989), 671-679.

Link, Jere, "The Play of German Histories: Protocolling the Debate." Central European History 22:3-4 (September/December 1989), 444-457.

Lloyd, David, and Paul Thomas. Culture and the State. New York: Routledge, 1998.

"From the end of the eighteenth century to the end of the nineteenth century, a remarkable convergence took lace in Europe between theories of the modern state and theories of culture. Culture and the State relates this convergence in the social function of state and cultural institutions in modern society, analyzing how culture assumes the task of forming citizens for the modern state. By tracking the history of working class resistance to state educational institutions, David Lloyd and Paul Thomas locate this resistance in a refusal to countenance the very division of social spheres--educational, political, and economic--on which the idea of cultural education is based. In turn, the authors see nineteenth century working class radicalism as having embodied an alternative cultural politics--an alternative that prefigures contemporary social movements. Culture and the State engages the way to which leftist thinking, from Marx to contemporary cultural studies, has taken the concept of culture for granted, and failed fully to appreciate the intrinsic relation of culture to the idea of the state." from the back cover

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Lorenz, Chris, "Historical Knowledge and Historical Reality: A Plea for 'Internal Realism.'" History and Theory 33: 3 (1994), 297-327.

Louch, Alfred, "The Discourse of Subversion." Humanities in Society 2:1 (Winter 1979), 31-36.

Lynch, M., "Old Games and New: A Response to the Structural Diagnosis and Traditional Modern and Postmodern Historiography in the Study of 16th-Century Scotland." Scot Hist R 73/195 (1994), 47-63.

MacHardy, Karin J., "Crises in History, or: Hermes Unbounded." Storia della Storigrafia 17 (1990), 5-27.

MacHardy, K., "The Boundaries of History and Literature." In Fact and Fiction: German History and Literature 1848-1924. K. MacHardy and G. Brude-Firnau, Eds. Tubingen: Francke, 1990. pp. 11-25.

MacLeod, Dewar, "Texts are Good to Eat: Representations and Subjectivity in Social and Cultural History." Maryland History 24:1 (1993), 29-41.

"Discusses subtle variations in the theoretical nuances separating postmodern and poststructuralist writings, which threaten 'to undermine the study of the past.' Agency is the fundamental category in social history and this is not in conflict with poststructuralist challenges to the study of the past." G. O. Gagnon, Historical Abstracts, Vol. 46, part A (1995), 643.

Malik, Kenan, "A Dose of Constructive Criticism." The Independent (17 June 1999).

Review of The Social Construction of What?, by Ian Hacking.

Marwick, Arthur, "Two Approaches to Historical Study: the Metaphysical (Including 'Postmodernism') and the Historical." Journal of Contemporary History 30 (1995), 5-35.

Maynard, Steven, "'Respect Your Elders, Know Your Past': History and the Queer Theorists." Radical History Review 75 (Fall 1999), 56-78.

"In 'Respect Your Elders, Know Your Past,' Steven Maynard seeks to open a dialogue between queer theorists and lesbian and gay social historians. Taking up concerns expressed by the editors of RHR's 'Queer Issue,' Maynard's method, borrowed from Raymond Williams, is to suggest keywords around which a conversation may take place. His goal is to rescue history from the 'enormous condescension' with which queer theory has criticized its practitioners, and also to overcome historians' dismissal of theory as simply 'jargon.' Memory is a key issue in this debate, because so much of the historians' efforts have gone into the recovery of gay and lesbian experience, while so much of the theorists' efforts have gone into critiquing the category of 'experience.' Maynard's keywords are empoiricism, evidence, experience, materialism, Marxism, class, and queer, in addition to 'jargon' and 'history.' Along the way, he provies telling examples of some of the ways communication can be opened between queer theory and social history." from the editor's introduction

McCullagh, C. Behan The Truth of History London and New York: Routledge, 1998.

"Modern relativism and postmodern thought in culture and language challenge the 'truth' of history. This book considers how all historians confined by the concepts and forms of argument of their own cultures, can still discover truths about the past. Through an examination of the constraints of history, the author argues that although historical descriptions do not mirror the past they can correlate with it in a regular and definable way.

"The Truth of History presents a study of various historical explanations and interpretations and evaluates their success as accounts of the past. C. Behan McCullagh argues that the variety of historical interpretations and their subjectivity does not exclude the possibility of their fairness and truth. His arguments are illustrated with numerous illuminating concrete examples from historical writing." from the back cover of the paperback edition

Contents: Introduction. 1. The Truth and Fairness of Historical Descriptions. 2. The Truth of Historical Generalizations and Classifications. 3. Descriptive Explanations. 4. Historical Interpretations. 5. The Meaning of Texts. 6. The Truth of Cultural History. 7.Causal, Contrastive and Functional Explanations. 8. Explaining Individual Actions. 9. Explaining Collective Actions. 10. Explaining Social Changes. 11. Should We Privilege the Individual? Conclusion.

Megill, Allan, "Foucault, Structuralism, and the Ends of History." Journal of Modern History 51 (September 1979), 451-503.

Megill, Allan, "Recent Writing on Michel Foucault." Journal of Modern History 56 (September 1984), 499-511.

Review of Michel Foucault and the Subversion of Intellect, Karlis Racevskis, Michel Foucault's Archaeology of Western Culture, Pamela Major-Poetzl; Michel Foucault, Charles C. Lemert and Garth Gillian; Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics; and Michel Foucault: An Annotated Bibliography.

Megill, Allan. Prophets of Extremity: Nietzsche, Heidegger, Foucault, Derrida. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.

Megill, Allan, "Rhetori